According to the report of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations, about 3.2% of the world's population live outside the borders of their homeland. And this is neither more nor less than almost 232 million migrants. Approximately 74% of the number of immigrants - people aged 20 to 64 years.
The UN experts compiled the rating of countries by the number of migrants , in which Russia took the second line in the neighborhood with the US and Germany. We are offering this rating today to your attention.
- 10. Spain( 6.5 million migrants)
- 9. Australia( 6.5 million migrants)
- 8. Canada( 7.3 million migrants)
- 7. France( 7.4 million migrants)
- 6. Great Britain( 7.8 million migrants)
- 5(7.8 million migrants)
- 4. Saudi Arabia( 9.1 million migrants)
- 3. Germany( 9.8 million migrants)
- 2. Russia( 11 million migrants)
- 1. United States( 45.8 million migrants)
10. Spain( 6.5million migrants)
From 2004 to 2009, Spain was the European Union's record-holder for annual inflowsgrants - more than half a million people. Until 2011, the country had very loyal requirements for immigrants, the influx of foreigners allowed not only to get an inexpensive labor, but also to smooth out the consequences of a sharp decline in the birth rate.
9. Australia( 6.5 million migrants)
As one of the most democratic countries in the world, Australia annually attracts hundreds of thousands of migrants. Half of the migrants are natives of Asian countries, followed by citizens of Oceania, Africa and Eastern Europe. About 55% of migrants arriving in the country for permanent residence are Chinese.
8. Canada( 7.3 million migrants)
The main countries that gave the settlers to Canada are China, India, the Philippines, Pakistan and the United States. Skilled workers make up about 20% of all migrants. The rest either work in low-paid jobs or are non-working members of other migrant families.
7. France( 7.4 million migrants)
Every year about 150,000 people receive French citizenship. A huge wave of migrants swept the country in 1990-1999.Almost 600 thousand people entered France from Algeria and Portugal, about half a million came from Morocco. Almost a third of the migrants in the country live below the poverty line, not working and receiving only benefits.
6. Great Britain( 7.8 million migrants)
Most of the migrants living on British territory are from India, Ireland, Pakistan, Germany and Bangladesh. In the past decade, there has been an increase in the proportion of migrants coming to the country for a short period( about a year) under an employment contract.
5. UAE( 7.8 million migrants)
About 80% of the population of the UAE are labor migrants. Foreigners work in virtually every industry, with the exception of the public service. The chances of getting citizenship in the Emirates for a migrant are almost equal to zero, but a stable salary and a calm political and economic situation attract millions of workers from all over the world to the UAE.
4. Saudi Arabia( 9.1 million migrants)
The growth in the number of migrants in the oil-producing countries is explained by the growing demand for labor. At the same time, the local Arab population traditionally acts as business owners, rarely working for hire.
3. Germany( 9.8 million migrants)
A significant proportion of migrants in the country are Turks. The war in the Persian Gulf led to Germany more than 1.4 million people. And in 2002 there was a surge in the migration of refugees from Palestine. It is noteworthy that the unemployment rate among migrants is twice the national average.
2. Russia( 11 million migrants)
Given the large number of illegal migrants in Russia, the UN assessment may not be true. Only for the first half of the year about 10 million migrants entered the country, mainly from Ukraine and Kazakhstan. The package of laws on migrants adopted this year is designed to limit the high rate of growth in the number of migrants.
1. United States( 45.8 million migrants)
In 2013 alone, 13 million people crossed the border between Mexico and the United States. It is believed that it is Mexico that is the main source of legal and illegal migrants in the States. According to a number of researchers, 50% of the country's population growth is not due to fertility, but because of the attractiveness of the US for migrants.