How to choose a hair shampoo - advice of cosmetologists
Healthy and beautiful hair starts with the right care. The first step in this is, of course, purification. Only after this procedure can you begin to feed the curls with vitamins and protect them from the adverse effects of external factors. Choosing shampoo, it is worth remembering that in addition to getting rid of hair from impurities, it directly affects their structure and general condition, and therefore, the appearance. In order not to be disappointed in the result, it is necessary to pay very careful attention to the purchase of the remedy to which you are going to trust the head of hear. Let's see what individual hair features and other parameters should be considered when choosing.
- The best shampoo companies
- The principle of operation and shampoo device
- Shampoo varieties
- Shampoo selection parameters
- What shampoo to choose
- How much are shampoos
The best shampoo manufacturers - which company to choose
To date, stores, pharmacies and beauty salons provide a hugeassortment of shampoos from the most various world manufacturers. Since this product is an indispensable tool in hair care, it is in high demand.
Some consumers do not bother with the purchase and, coming to the outlet, acquire the first available means, without going into the study of the composition and analysis of whether the selected specimen is suitable for them. Others, on the contrary, carefully read the label and know exactly what is needed, so they are ready to overpay for the availability of useful ingredients, preferring well-known brands.
We have prepared a list of the most popular brands for those who can not read the article in detail:
5. Head &Shoulders
The above listed manufacturers are certainly familiar to most people. They have been present on the domestic market for several decades. Their products are of good quality, which is confirmed by independent laboratory tests. Many of the firms issue funds both in the mass market category and in the professional. Wishing to find a specific product, we suggest switching to our rating of the best hair shampoos.
Principle of operation and shampoo device
Shampoo is the primary means necessary to maintain the purity of hair and care for them. The shampoo works quite simply. When sebum( sebaceous cover produced by glands) accumulates on the scalp, it extends to the hair. It is mixed with sweat, settling dust, dirt and other particles in the air. Those who use stowage products( foams, varnishes, gels, etc.) are added one more type of contaminant.
Wash your head with just water will not work, because it is unable to cope with all these things. Only special means for cleaning contain surfactants( surfactants), which work like bridges connecting oil and water. One end connects the dirt, and the other water, washing it off the surface. By the way, it is this effect of duality that forms foam.
Consists of shampoo from dozens of ingredients. As it was written above, in the first place, this is a surfactant. All substances must be diluted, therefore approximately 70-80 percent of the composition is plain water. Then follow thickeners, giving the product the desired density, and preservatives, which protect against the formation of harmful microorganisms. Dyes are responsible for the resulting color.
Control agents improve the pH and physical properties of the product, and the conditioning agents provide moisture. The last one on the list is perfume, which allows you to block off an unpleasant chemical smell. Additives in the form of vitamins, extracts and other - often just a marketing move. The shampoo is washed off from the hair, so adding these ingredients is meaningless, because they simply will not have time to act.
Types of shampoos
For normal hair type
These shampoos should not be saturated with nutrients and contain aggressive substances that can dry the skin. It is best if the composition of the product includes soft and sparing ingredients, which cleans the surface of the skin and hair well. Additionally, they may contain synthetic additives, for example sorbitol or propylene glycol. They are excellent at coping with the transfer of water molecules to the hair structure.
- soft cleaning,
- is not overdried,
- is moistened.
- is not suitable for thin and weakened hair.
For greasy hair type
The ingredients in the form of tannins or antibacterial components will help to cope with the increased production of sebum. Keep in mind that among the ingredients there are no oils, they can only exacerbate the situation by overloading the hair, which already from a large amount of sebum often turns into untidy icicles.
- is suitable for frequent use,
- is not overloaded,
- does not weight,
- contains antibacterial substances.
- may cause irritation and itching,
- is contraindicated for sensitive scalp.
- See also: rating of the best shampoos for oily hair
For dry hair type
Dry hair more often than others suffers from brittleness and is thin. The scalp here needs a shampoo saturated with oils, as well as moisturizing ingredients. In contrast to fatty type, it is important not to reduce, but, on the contrary, increase the production of sebum. Well, if the composition will be oil, protein, keratin and lanolin. They are able to stick together protruding hair scales and nourish the skin.
- nourish and moisturize,
- imparts smoothness and shine,
- makes the hair obedient.
- may not be suitable for thick and stiff hairs.
- See also: Best shampoos for dry hair
Similar shampoos are designed for special care for damaged hair. They are aimed at restoring the presentable appearance. Cure hair with the help of these funds can not, remember this. You can only make the curls more shiny, smooth and silky. The main ingredient in such products will be silicone.
- gives lost shine,
- makes hair smooth,
- provides easy combing.
- unable to cure hair.
There is the same task as the means for cleaning damaged hair. But it is important not only to return a beautiful and well-groomed appearance, but also as long as possible to preserve the color. Damaged hair is often porous, so the dye is easily washed out of them, and after one or two weeks the tint becomes dull. Shampoos for colored hair contain special components that can fix the color.
- does not contain strong surfactants,
- is moisturized,
- imparts smoothness and shine,
- provides easy combing.
- should be used during the first three weeks after staining.
For combating dandruff
Usually it is a medical shampoo, which should be used according to the instructions. The approximate period is about two weeks. These substances should contain substances that help regulate the correct functioning of sebaceous glands, for example, sulfur, zinc, salicylic acid or selenium sulphate.
- cleans the skin well,
- regulates the production of sebum,
- is able to relieve dandruff.
- contains strong surfactants,
- can cause dryness and irritation,
- is not suitable for permanent use,
- easily wash the dye out of the hair.
- See also: best dandruff shampoos
Shampoo selection parameters
The main parameter of a shampoo is its alkalinity. A large alkaline reaction indicates that sebum will be better removed from the surface. At the same time, such solutions destroy and dry the skin and hair. In order to neutralize this, it is necessary to choose the correct pH-indicator. If it is more than seven, then this is an acid reaction, and less - an alkaline one. Modern shampoos usually have a pH of 5.5.It is he who is more close to the natural reaction of the scalp.
The cleaning process is carried out at the expense of surfactants. Usually in shampoos they are used in the form of sulfates( Ammonium Laureth Sulfate, TEA Laureth Sulfate, Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate, TEA Layril Sulfate).Ammonium is cheaper and has a lower quality than TEM.There are also Sodium Cocoyl Glutamate, Coco Glucoside, Disodium Cocoyl Glutamate - more sparing and natural, but the means with them are much more expensive.
In any shampoo there are various kinds of additives. True, more often than not it is a marketing ploy aimed at increasing sales. But there are those components that are really often found in the composition. Usually it is a moisturizing and static-removing substance. Or, for example, silicones that can protect curls from the negative effects of external factors( blow dryer, ironing, UV radiation, etc.) and give hair smoothness, gloss and silkiness, facilitating combing.
The classical volume of a tube with shampoo is 250 ml. There are increased versions of 500 ml. When choosing, you should consider what your hair length and thickness are, and how often you plan to use the product. Professional shampoo rulers are more often sold in tubes of 1 thousand ml, as it is assumed a large expense for customers. It is up to you to take such a package home. The price for it will be quite high, and it is not known whether a shampoo will do or not. But if you are sure that you need it, then take it without fear.
Mass-market, professional or pharmacy ranges
Mass-market shampoos are more affordable and cheaper. On quality, the funds are slightly losing more expensive professional and pharmacy products. Although, it is worth noting that the effectiveness of detergents from the latter two categories is much higher. Most of the world's major manufacturers are working on the production of shampoos for mass market and professional use. Pharmacy ranges refer to medical. Among them, it is best to buy shampoos when there is some identified cause, for example, hair loss or dandruff.
Which shampoo to choose
1. First of all, when choosing a shampoo, decide on the type of hair. For normal, a neutral remedy is suitable, for fatty and dandruff - with strong PAVMI, and for dry, damaged and stained - rich in silicones and moisturizing ingredients.
2. The pH should be about 5.5, as according to laboratory tests it is exactly the reaction of the scalp.
3. The optimal volume of the tube will be 500 ml. This is enough for different lengths and thicknesses, provided frequent use.
4. If your hair needs treatment, then it's best to choose a product from the pharmacy line. For simple care, a tool from the mass market is suitable, and for profound recovery and greater efficiency - professional.
How much are shampoos
1. Shampoos mass market will cost 150-300 p. A little more expensive will be funds with improved formulas and the availability of active ingredients in the composition.
2. Professional products are much more expensive, the price ranges from 300 to 2 thousand p. It all depends on the brand of the manufacturer, composition and volume.
3. The shampoos of pharmacy ranges are also very expensive. For shampoo will have to give about 500 to 3 thousand p. The brand also plays an important role here, but the ingredient component is equally important, since such funds are directed to treatment, rather than to normal care.