Mankind has recently embarked on the exploration of outer space and its secrets will be uncovered for a very long time. But something scientists already know. Here are the top-7 amazing things and phenomena that were discovered in space.
- 7. Alcohol
- 6. Tiny art museum
- 5. Death Star
- 4. Oort cloud
- 3. Lightning
- 2. Urine
- 1. Life on Titan
Several giant alcohol clouds were found in the areaThe Milky Way. In addition to their old friend ethanol, scientists discovered large clouds of methyl alcohol and vinyl alcohol.
These clouds are too far away to be able to do anything fun with them. However, their existence is of great interest to scientists and not for the reasons that spirituans might think. Alcohol is an organic compound and carries the essential materials needed to sustain life. The discovery of these molecules around areas where the stars were newly formed will tell more about how our world was created and how life appeared in it.
6. The tiny art museum
In 1969, during the top-secret mission of Forrest Myers, who acted without permission from NASA, the work of Andy Warhol and five other artists on a ceramic plate measuring 1.9 cm?1.3 cm were sent to the moon. So the first and only extraterrestrial art museum was created.
It is alleged that the plate was secretly attached to the leg of the Lunar Landing Module and left on the Moon as a result of the Apollo 12. But to prove that the plate is really on the Moon is possible only if you send a special space mission there.
5. Death Star
Kepler - NASA's telescope - has recently discovered a white dwarf in the constellation of the Virgin, who tears his own planet, although not as spectacular as in Star Wars. The dwarf gradually destroys the planet revolving around it under the influence of attraction. The final destruction will occur within the next million years.
4. Oort cloud
At first glance, there is nothing special about the Oort cloud. This large section of the solar system spills out a comet from time to time, giving us space shows such as Halley's comet.
So, what's the catch? Scientists are not sure that the Oort cloud exists at all. But it is their only plausible explanation of the appearance of comets that arise from nowhere, appear with strange time intervals and move along unusual orbits.
For two billion light years from the Earth, Nikola Tesla's ghost arranges a show with lightning. In the center of the galaxy, the strongest electric current was recorded during the entire history of space observations - 10 ^ 18 amperes or trillions of lightning. Lightning appears, as a rule, near black holes, where magnetic fields create large electric charges.
This particular storm probably originated from an especially massive black hole.
You may have wondered: how do astronauts write in space? NASA scientists spent a lot of time discussing this issue. The answer was a toilet for $ 50,000, complete with a lock that throws urine into outer space. Although new models use high-tech filtration systems that turn urine into drinking water, most old systems simply throw urine overboard.
Commander Apollo 17 Eugene Cernan named the kind of drops of urine that turned into ice, one of the most amazing events of his flight.
1. Life on Titan
First place in the rating of cosmic surprises: NASA has found promising signs of life in the colder oceans of Saturn's largest satellite, Titan. They consist not of water, but of ethane and methane, which are liquefied at extremely low temperatures. The organisms in these methane-filled "waters" will be similar to those on the Earth( composed of cells, with the respiratory system), but instead of cells based on oxygen, these organisms will have cells based on methane. Experiments have shown that such cells can exist under extreme conditions on Titan. This study, in addition to testifying that the atmosphere of Titan is chemically active, dense and rich in organic compounds, is one of the most promising prerequisites for finding life on Titan.