Deputy Mayor of Moscow Marat Khusnullin, speaking at the 5th Moscow Urban Forum, cited research data of PricewaterhouseCoopers( PwC).This consulting company conducted a comparative analysis of Moscow and 12 other cities in the world, roughly comparable to it in terms of area and population, for the following factors: the level of medical care and its accessibility, safety, comfort, overall quality of life, economic impact, environmental conditions and dynamics of all thesefactors for 2010-2015.
We present to you a rating of development of megacities of the world .
5. New York
5. New York
The largest US city with a population of about 8.5 million people is experiencing a slowdown in terms of development rates. The budget capital expenditures in this megapolis have decreased by 7.1% over the past five years, the amount of living space per capita has decreased by 0.7 square meters.m. But the transport network continues to develop: for the first time in 25 years a new metro station was opened.
The largest of the megacities of Germany is home to about 4 million citizens. According to the research, Berlin ranks first in the degree of development of rail transport. The city has a complex and ramified transport infrastructure: 5334 kilometers of roads, about a thousand bridges, two airports, and the metro has 9 main lines with a total length of 150 km. Also there are so called.city electric trains with a total length of 331 km. And for bicyclists( a very popular way for the Germans to move around the city) are laid special bicycle paths, the movement of which is regulated by separate sections of traffic lights.
In the top 5 most dynamically developing megacities came and the ancient capital of China. It is considered that from the point of view of economic development this city is inferior to such giants as Shanghai and Hong Kong, but the situation is beginning to change. Beijing creates favorable conditions for the activities of entrepreneurs and the creation of innovative enterprises. This is reflected in the average annual growth rate of real estate: according to PwC experts, Beijing is leading in this regard. Every year, the area of retail real estate increases by 9.3%.Such rapid development has in many ways become possible thanks to the multitude of Chinese and foreign companies that specialize in venture financing.
The second largest city in Europe with 8.5 million inhabitants competes with New York for the title of the world's leading financial center, while the megacity of the city is second only to Tokyo, New York and Paris. According to the research, the average annual growth rate of investment in fixed assets is 5.1%.And, although the demand for housing in the city of Shakespeare and Sherlock Holmes continues to exceed supply, over the past five years the number of living space per capita has increased by 0.7 square meters.m, and the capacity of kindergartens increased by 3%.
According to experts of PwC, the average annual growth rate of investments in fixed assets( 8.2%) brings the Russian capital the first place in the rating, exceeding the similar indicators of London by 3.1%.Moscow ranks first in the average annual growth rate of office real estate( 4%), and in terms of growth in retail real estate( 7.7%), it is the capital of the People's Republic of China( 9.3%).
The rail network of the Russian metropolis is second only to Berlin and continues to develop intensively - from 2010, 17 new metro stations were put into operation. Moscow is leading in terms of the speed of growth in the entry of the street-road network - its area has grown by 10%.And budget capital expenditures amounted to 3.1%( which is higher than in London and New York).The highest growth rates in Moscow and the number of constructed square meters per capita: it increased by 1.7 square meters.m. The number of places in kindergartens grew by 18%, which is 15% higher than in London. Thus, the capital city in terms of the number of indicators deservedly receives the title of the most dynamically developing megapolis of the world in 2015.