Families with children have to prepare for the season of summer vacations especially carefully. After all, the safety of the child on the beach is the most important task for parents. We hope that our top 7 tips for organizing children's safety on the beach will make the family vacation easier and more enjoyable.
- 7. Do not allow the child to swim to one
- 6. Inflatable mattress - no
- 5. Do not sunbathe in dangerous hours
- 4. Read the warning signs
- 3. Know when the child needs help
- 2. Pay attention to the waves
- 1Do not allow the child to take off shoes and underwear on the beach
7. Do not let the child swim alone
If the child is near water, you should also be near water. If the child is in the water, you should be ankle right behind him at the minimum distance. A sudden cramp or fatigue can lead to trouble. Also, a child can get into the deflecting current( such currents are called thrusters or rips) at the very shore, panic and drown. There are drafts even in shallow seas, such as the Sea of Azov. Such currents are directed to the shore at a right angle and to get out of them you need to swim not forward, but parallel to the shore, until you get out of the rip. Then you need to turn and swim diagonally to the shore. Explain to the child that ripping can not drag him to the bottom, it's not a funnel or a whirlpool.
6. Inflatable mattress - no
Swimming with a baby on an air mattress can be fun in the pool or river, but it's not a good idea for a holiday at sea. Current or strong wind can carry the boat far from shore. An inflatable waistcoat or a circle is also not an absolute protection, a child can slip out of them. However, such boats can be used in shallow water( maximum water should be on the chest of the child).
5. Do not sunbathe in dangerous hours
Keep the child away from the sun and do not sunbathe yourself between 11 am and 3 days. In this time interval, solar activity is at its peak and it will not be worth it to get burnt or get a heat stroke. And do not forget to apply a sunscreen with SPF 30 and above, and also grab a plaster, a mosquito repellent and a panthenol - a remedy for burns before applying to the beach. If the child is on the beach for the first time, in the sun it should be no more than 5 minutes, and then 20 minutes should be spent in the shade. In the following times, the time in the sun can be increased by 5 minutes.
Symptoms of heat stroke include: confusion and dizziness, severe fatigue, headache, muscle spasms or weakness, nausea, excessive sweating or complete absence of sweating, pale skin, swelling( especially of the hands or face), palpitations. When these symptoms occur, put the baby in the shade, let him drink plenty of water, rinse with cool water.
4. Read the warning signs
There are colored plates on various beaches, so do not forget to ask the rescuer to explain what the flag means if you are not sure that you understand its meaning correctly.
- Usually the red flags on the warning indicate a strong surf and current( that is, "Caution!").Sometimes a red flag means that the beach is closed.
- Yellow flags indicate a moderate surf and current. Be careful and stay in sight of the rescuers.
- Green flags show that the sea is calm.
- Blue or purple flags often indicate that nearby there are potentially dangerous marine life( eg sharks or jellyfish).
3. Know when a child needs help.
According to statistics, drowning is in the top 3 list of the main causes of unintentional deaths of children under 15 years around the world. A child can drown even in shallow water, a few meters from his parents. Drowning, as a rule, occurs quite quietly and quickly. In a drowning person, the head is low in the water( mouth under water) or is tilted back with an open mouth, the eyes are closed or "glass", unable to focus, the legs are vertical in water and the drowning do not make any moves. A sinking person instinctively stretches his arms out to sidestep the water, he can not lift them and swing them over his head, drawing attention. If you notice one or more signs that the child is drowning, help him immediately.
2. Pay attention to waves
Children's injuries resulting from strong waves can range from simple dislocations and broken collarbones to injuries to the internal organs and spine( which can lead to paralysis).Waves that break directly on the shore( rather than a few meters away from it) can cause serious injuries to the neck and spine. Therefore, being in the water or near the water line( where the water gets to the shore), never put the child and do not turn your back to the waves.
1. Do not allow the child to take off shoes and underwear on the beach
The first place in our selection of recommendations for safe recreation takes obvious advice, which is nevertheless neglected by many parents. After all, the feeling of sand between the toes is part of the quintessence of the beach experience. But when this sand heats up to 40 degrees and above, walking on it is not very pleasant and even dangerous( you can get a burn).Especially dangerous in this regard are beaches with black sand.
Also, do not bring a small child to the beach without panties. The grains that hit the genitals can cause irritation and inflammation.