Least Developed Countries is a term used in the UN to refer to states with very low living standards, weak economies and vulnerable uneducated populations. In total there are 48 underdeveloped countries in the world, and most of them are in Africa.
We offer you a look at the Top-10 of the least developed countries of the world .By the way, none of the European countries is on the list of the least developed countries, but Moldova is considered the poorest European country with a GDP per capita index of $ 1503.
- 10. Eritrea( GDP - $ 423 per capita)
- 9. Guinea( GDP - $ 420 per capita)
- 8. Madagascar( GDP - $ 391 per capita)
- 7. Niger( GDP - $ 383 per capita)
- 6. Ethiopia( GDP - $ 364 per capita)
- 5. Malawi( GDP - $ 354 per capita)
- 4. Sierra Leone( GDP - $ 325 per capita)
- 3. Liberia( GDP - $ 226 per capita))
- 2. Congo( GDP - $ 188 per capita)
- 1. Burundi( GDP - $ 177 per capita)
10. Eritrea( GDP - $ 423 per capita)
The country has more than half the femaleof the population can not read and write, and among male literacy is 70%.Eritrea has excellent natural conditions for the development of tourism, but this is greatly hindered by the constant threat of a military conflict with Somalia, Djibouti and Ethiopia.
9. Guinea( GDP - $ 420 per capita)
This poor country has rich deposits of minerals: bauxite, gold, diamonds, ferrous and non-ferrous metals. The country has a depressingly low literacy rate - 42% of men and only 18% of women know how to read and write.
8. Madagascar( GDP - $ 391 per capita)
The main sectors of the country's economy are agriculture and fisheries. By the way, Madagascar is one of two countries in the world where the decimal currency is not used. The local ariarias are equal to the five irajmbilanya.
7. Niger( GDP - $ 383 per capita)
The prosperity of the country is not conducive to the fact that 80% of its territory is located in the Sahara Desert. In many areas of the Niger, precipitation does not fall for several years. The country ranks third in the world in terms of infant mortality. The literacy rate is 28%.
6. Ethiopia( GDP - $ 364 per capita)
Approximately two-thirds of the country's inhabitants are literate. More than 2% of the population is infected with HIV.The average life expectancy is just over 50 years. The country's development is greatly hampered by political instability and regular military conflicts with its neighbors.
5. Malawi( GDP - $ 354 per capita)
The small African country has no access to the sea, but is located along the large lake of Nyasa, has fertile land and deposits of uranium, bauxite and coal. However, 11% of the population is infected with HIV, the average life expectancy is 55 years.
4. Sierra Leone( GDP - $ 325 per capita)
Approximately 50% of the country's inhabitants are literate. About half of the population is engaged in subsistence agriculture. Significant deposits of minerals are not developed. About 70% of the population of Sierra Leone live below the poverty line.
3. Liberia( GDP - $ 226 per capita)
The last of numerous civil wars ended in the country in 2003.As a result of the wars, the economy and infrastructure of Liberia had no chance of development. About 80% of the population lives below the poverty line, despite the fact that Liberia has the richest reserves of iron ore, gold, diamonds, rare elements.
2. Congo( GDP - $ 188 per capita)
The country is the second largest in Africa by area and the fourth largest in terms of population. More than half of the explored reserves of uranium, the deposits of non-ferrous and ferrous metals, diamonds and gold are located on the territory of the Congo. More than 4% of the population is infected with HIV.The average life expectancy is about 55 years.
1. Burundi( GDP - $ 177 per capita)
For many years, this tiny country has been involved in a series of civil wars and inter-ethnic conflicts. In , the world's least developed country has an average life expectancy of 48 years. A little over half of the population know how to read and write. There are only 200 doctors in the country, and 8% of the population are infected with HIV.About 60 thousand people in Burundi( about 1%) have access to the Internet.