The problem in measuring the height of mountains is that it is often not clear where the dividing line lies between a mountain with several peaks and a separate mountain. For this reason, it is better to use a measurement called "topographic elevation"( the height of a mountain peak above the bottom of the valley nearest to the mountain).Taking into account first of all this criterion, and already in the second place altitude above sea level, we have compiled the rating of the highest mountains on Earth .
- 10. Elbrus
- 9. Jaya
- 8. Array Vinson
- 7. Orizaba
- 6. Logan
- 5. Cristobal-Colon
- 4. Kilimanjaro
- 3. McKinley
- 2. Aconcagua
- 1. Mount EverestJomolungma)
Topographic elevation - 4,741 m.
Above the sea level rises to 5,642 m.
Mount Elbrus is an extinct volcano that is located in the western part of the Caucasian Range, in Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachaevo-Cherkessia, not far fromRussian-Georgian border. This is the highest peak in the Caucasus.
Exceeding - 4,884 m.
Height - 4,884 m.
This mountain, located on the Australian plate on the island of New Guinea, was originally called the discoverer - the Dutchman Jan Karstens. In 1965, she changed her name in honor of the Indonesian president Sukarno, and in 1969 she was renamed for the third time, in Jaya( in Indonesian means Victory) and this has stopped.
8. Vinson Array
Excess - 4,892 m.
The height of the peak is 4,892 m.
The highest mountains of Antarctica and part of the Elsworth Mountains that rise above the Ronne Ice Shelf.
Elevation - 4,922 m
Height according to GPS - 5,636 m, according to INEGI - 5,611 m.
Stratovolcano, the highest mountain in Mexico and the third largest in North America. Orizaba last erupted in 1687, after which it "fell asleep" and does not wake up to this day.
Topographic elevation - 5,250 m
Altitude - 5,959 m.
The highest mountain in Canada and the second highest peak in North America, after McKinley. In connection with the active tectonic uplift, Logan is still growing in height. Until 1992, the exact height of the mountain was unknown and was expected to range from 5,959 to 6,050 meters. In May 1992, the GSC expedition climbed Logan and set the current altitude of 5,959 meters using the GPS
The topographic elevation is 5,585 m.
Above the sea level - 5,776 m
The highest mountain in Colombia. Almost at the same height as the Colombian peak of Simon Bolivar. Together they are the two highest peaks of the country.
The topographic elevation is 5,885 m.
Above the sea level is 5,895 m.
Kilimanjaro, and its three volcanic cones( Kibo, Mavenzi and Shira) is an inactive volcanic mountain in the Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania. It is the highest mountain in Africa. There is no documented evidence of the eruption of Kilimanjaro, but local legends say that the volcano was active 150-200 thousand years ago.
Topographic elevation - 6,144 m
Altitude above sea level - 6,190 m
The two-headed mountain McKinley( also Denali), located in Alaska, is the highest mountain peak in the United States and North America. In the beginning of the 19th century it was called the Big Mountain and was the highest point of the Russian Empire.
Topographic elevation - 6,962 m.
Above sea level - 6,962 m.
The highest mountain in the Americas. It is located in the Andes mountain range, in the Argentine province of Mendoza. In 2013, the mountain climbed the youngest mountaineer - nine-year-old American Tyler Armstrong. And last year Aconcagua was conquered by the youngest mountaineer, the twelve-year-old Romanian Dor Jet Popescu.
1. Mount Everest( Jomolungma)
Topographic elevation - 8,848 m.
Altitude - 8,848 m.
The leader of the mountain hit parade was named after the English colonel, Sir George Everest, who was India's chief surveyor since 1830to 1843 years. Mount Everest is also known under the Tibetan name of Jomolungma( the Goddess-mother of vital energy) and the Nepalese name Sagarmatha( the Forehead of Heaven).
Many human triumphs and tragedies were associated with Everest. George Mallory( Great Britain) was the first mountaineer who attempted to storm Mount Everest. In 1924, he died near the top and his remains were found only in 1999, but the body of his partner on the bunch of Andrew Irwin was not found.
Mount Everest has been the inspiration for many of Guinness World Records: from the simple fact that it is the highest peak in the world to the highest( in the venue) in the world of the concert.
Despite the title of "the highest peak on Earth", Everest is not the highest mountain on the planet. That is, the height above sea level, Everest has no equal. But as for the height from the bottom to the top, here the palm of primacy is held by Mauna Kea in Hawaii, USA.The visible part of it is 4 205 meters, and everything else is under water. The total height of Mauna Kea reaches 10 203 meters.