Mary Shelley, the "mother" of Frankenstein, popularized the archetype of a "mad scientist".In her book the doctor was so obsessed with his idea to revive lifeless matter, that for her, common sense and ethical standards were rejected.
But this happens in real life. Many scientists, even during their lifetime nicknamed "insane" conducted experiments, balancing on the brink of legal and moral principles( and sometimes stepping over this side).
We present to you top-5 mad scientists .
- 5. Robert Cornish
- 4. Alexander Bogdanov
- 3. Giles Brindley
- 2. Paracelsus
- 1. Wendell Johnson
5. Robert Cornish
Dr. Robert Cornish was obsessed with becoming an intensive care unit. He believed that not too damaged, and the recently lost body can be restored with a large dose of anticoagulants and a swing table that will swing the body to "restart" the circulation.
Strange, but true: Cornish managed to reanimate two dogs - Lazarus IV and V, which were killed by an overdose of the ether. The doctor repeatedly applied to the prisons to allow him to use the bodies of executed criminals. In 1948, the murderer Thomas MkGonigal, who was waiting for the gas chamber, contacted the Cornish. He was ready to provide his body for experience. The problem was that the scientist needed a body immediately after execution, and the authorities feared that the lively criminal would be released( it is impossible to execute twice for one crime).As a result, McGonigal's request for resuscitation was rejected, and Cornish switched to other experiments.
4. Alexander Bogdanov
The rating of mad scientists could not do without a representative of Russia. Unlike Cornish, who was obsessed with one idea, Bogdanov, a revolutionary and a prominent science fiction writer, had extensive interests. In particular, he specialized in blood research. His influence and status led to the establishment of the Blood Transfusion Institute in 1926. Eventually, , he was convinced that a blood transfusion could be used to rejuvenate the , and perhaps also to prolong the life of the human body.
Bogdanov subjected his body to numerous blood transfusions. In spite of the irony, in 1928 the scientist died because of the hemolytic transfusion reaction after the blood transfusion of the patient with malaria.
3. Giles Brindley
This British physiologist revolutionized the injection management of erectile dysfunction and was remembered at the meeting of the Association of Urologists in Las Vegas, 1983.
He talked about his successful experiments in the treatment of erectile dysfunction with the help of injections of papaverine. During the lecture, the 57-year-old doctor showed slides of his own erect penis, and then took off his pants to show that treatment with papaverine can cause an erection without erotic stimulation. Injection Brindley made to himself before the lecture. He even hobbled down, so that the first rows of spectators could estimate the degree of swelling of the genitals.
His works formed the basis of many modern tools for potency, the best of them we published earlier.
Swiss scientist of the 16th century became the founder of toxicology .He argued that small doses of toxic substances can be used at a profit, and that only a dose determines whether the substance will be a medicine or poison.
A connoisseur of medicine and philosophy was also not alien to alchemy and occultism. In 1537 he wrote a treatise De Rerum Naturae, in which he described some of his alchemical secrets, including the creation of a homunculus, a tiny artificial man.
1. Wendell Johnson
The psychologist at the University of Iowa is sad is famous for the insane logopedic experiment , conducted in 1939.It involved 22 children who did not have parents.
Johnson and his graduate student Maria Tudor divided the children into two groups of 11 people each. Half of the children in each group were stutterers, and the other half spoke normally.
The happy group underwent positive speech therapy. In this group, the children were told that their speech was very correct and clean.
In another group, children's speech for six months was mocked to see how this would affect their stuttering.
Some children who were in the second group had no problems with speech before the experiment. And after it, the symptoms of stuttering were manifested and fixed for life.