Information about the motor batteries is very small, so we collected in one article 13 answers to the most popular questions about the correct and safe operation of batteries for motor vehicles! These recommendations will not only help extend battery life, but also affect the performance characteristics of the equipment.
- 1. How do I find out if the battery is charged?
- 2. I have a new battery, but it is quickly discharged. What is the reason?
- 3. What is important to consider when charging and discharging?
- 4. I have a car charger, can I use it to charge the motor battery?
- 5. Why is it important to maintain the electrolyte level?
- 6. By installing the battery on your motorcycle, which terminal should I connect first?
- 7. How do I tighten the screws on the terminals?
- 8. What happens if I mix the polarity?
- 9. What kind of white coating is formed on the batteries?
- 10. What causes sulphation?
- 11. If the battery is disconnected, will it be discharged?
- 12. What should I do when storing the battery in winter?
- 13. What are the safety measures when working with a motor accumulator?
1. How do I find out if the battery is charged?
When fully charged, the voltage at the poles is 12.8 volts. If the voltage is lower, the battery is discharged.
2. I have a new battery, but it is quickly discharged. What is the reason?
The reasons for this widespread phenomenon are several:
- faulty alarms can take stresses on themselves;
- a failed charge relay will not allow the battery to be charged from the generator;
- if the voltage across the terminals during engine operation is less than 13.6 volts, then the generator needs repair!
3. What is important to consider when charging and discharging?
Moto batteries allow a voltage of less than 12 volts, but recharging is necessary to prevent the process of sulphation. If the voltage falls below the 12 volt mark, then this is already considered a deep discharge, and the battery will soon be unsuitable. This should not be allowed.
4. I have a car charger, can I use it to charge the motor battery?
- if there is regulation of the charge current
- if the difference in the capacity of the batteries is small.
An important rule: the charging current should not be more than 1/10 amperes from the capacity of the battery.
5. Why is it important to maintain the electrolyte level?
The fact is that the battery electrolyte consists of distilled water and sulfuric acid. During operation, water boils out, and the remaining acid corrodes the plates, and this can lead to its closure. In this case it is important to add water to the desired level. The finished electrolyte can not be topped up, since it is possible to exceed the allowable density.
6. By installing the battery on your motorcycle, which terminal should I connect first?
It is mandatory to connect the positive terminal first. Be sure to check that there are no flammable liquids nearby, because a spark may occur when connected.
7. How hard is it to screw the bolts on the terminals?
The bolts must be tightened as reliably as possible. Due to weak fastening, discharge, corrosion and even ignition occur.
8. What happens if I mix the polarity?
Mainly fuse blows. Well and if as a safety lock there is a "bug", then you will have to buy a new battery.
9. What kind of white coating is formed on the batteries?
A white run is a process of oxidation of lead. Appears on old batteries.
10. What causes sulphation?
There are many reasons for sulphation - it can be a high ambient temperature, frequent recharging or undercharging. Increased load during the winter period, as well as storage in a discharged state. In case of long parking of the motorcycle do not forget to de-energize it.
11. If the battery is disconnected, will it be discharged?
It will be discharged, but much slower than when the terminals are connected.
12. What should I do when storing the battery in winter?
You have to disconnect it from the motorcycle. Store in a room with a low, but not a minus temperature.
13. What are the safety measures when working with a motor accumulator?
Since batteries emit highly flammable gas( especially when charging), the following rules must be observed:
- : Do not smoke near the battery and allow proximity to open fire;
- when removing or installing terminals, always disconnect the ignition;
- charge in a ventilated room;
- disconnect the minus terminal first, connect to the last;
- grease the terminals with solidol( to prevent oxidation);
- tube for gas removal from the battery can not be closed.
These are the basic rules, and it's great if you need them!