Every year there are more and more sports that allow people to maim themselves. But injury is only one side of the coin. On the other - adrenaline, inexpressible sensations of balancing on the verge of life and death, a way to escape from routine life. It is important to be responsible for safety techniques, do not start unprepared classes, do not train yourself, and then you can avoid injuries. When compiling the rating of the most extreme sports it is difficult to be objective - the degree of danger and acuity of sensations are very individual, and the lethal outcomes are usually hidden.
- 5. Diving
- 4. Alpine skiing and snowboarding
- 3. Cycling
- 2. Rock climbing
- 1. BASE Jumping
In essence, it is a harmless swimming underwater with special equipment. In order to start practicing it, you need to have certain skills that will help you cope with various problems that arise under the water( misting of the mask, loss of the regulator, regulation of buoyancy, and so on).But there are situations in which even years of experience can not help - a meeting with a shark or an electric ramp. For diving, there are many contraindications: people with chronic infections, bronchial asthma, hernia, cartilage or bone disease, all kinds of tumors and many others will simply not be allowed to dive, and self-immersion without training is much more dangerous. An even more dangerous form of diving is cave diving, which is an underwater dive in a cave. The main risk is that after a dive, there will not be an opportunity to immediately float to the surface in the event of a lack of oxygen or another danger of life.
4. Alpine skiing and snowboarding
Very popular winter sport, although it requires a lot of expensive equipment. There are thousands of special trails for fans of this sport, which work all year round, but real extreme people prefer to ride outside the prepared routes. This is one of the types of skiing - freeride. The main danger of this sport lies in the uncertainty of the terrain, as well as the possibility of an avalanche. But this does not stop the hunters of extraordinary sensations, despite the fact that the number of deaths among athletes is the most dangerous among winter sports.
Another discipline of winter mountain sport, as common as it is dangerous, is havpipe. This is the name of a special structure in the form of a half-pipe covered with snow, on which skiers and snowboarders perform various tricks, accelerating during descent along the "wall" and "flying up" over the havpipe.
Among the cycling disciplines in the rating of the most extreme sports are:
BMX( Bicycle MotoCross) - one of the many types of cycling, for which a special bicycle of the same name is used, which is much smaller than usual. One of the most popular areas of BMX is Street. It consists in performing tricks using the usual urban obstacles( stairs, handrails, curbs).Another one of the offshoots of this sport is Flatland, whose essence is in a kind of "dancing" on a bicycle on a flat surface. This is one of the most interesting cycling sports, but at the same time the least traumatic. Dirt - performing tricks on asphalt slides, flying up to them through pre-acceleration. One of the most dangerous, but at the same time spectacular species of BMX.
Downhill - high-speed descent from a mountain on a special mountain bike on unprepared routes, the main one in which is the time of descent. The track contains natural irregularities - hillocks, pits, tree roots, rocks, as well as sharp turns( from which the final time depends), and especially steep descents.
But the most dangerous of all is undoubtedly Freeride. This is the style of riding a bike on very difficult routes, implying breaking the cliffs in tens of meters, riding on very steep slopes, jumping over creeks and ditches at huge speeds. The name itself says that anything can be included in the route.
2. Rock climbing
It's hard to imagine something more dangerous to life than a fall from a dozen meters of height to bare stones, and that's why climbing is one of the most dangerous kinds of sport. Of course, half a century of history and new technologies can reduce the number of victims, but they will not be avoided at all. The most dangerous is, of course, rock climbing on unprepared routes. This species is in fact a kind of mountaineering, as it repeats all types of insurance and technology. Also, a dangerous kind is undoubtedly "solo"( rock climbing without insurance), as it does not forgive the climber for a single mistake. Lately, a variety such as Deep-water solo has appeared, which suggests using rocks that are located above the water so that when a climber falls, it falls into the water.
1. BASE JUMPING
This is a kind of parachuting, based on jumps from high-rise objects. The term BASE was introduced by Karl Benish, who created the name by the first letters of the words Building, Antenna, Span, Earth. They are translated as: building, antenna, bridge, ground and are the main objects for jumping base jumper. During the jump, it is very important to align the body before opening the parachute, because the fall comes from very low altitudes, and if the parachute is not opened at the right time, the paratrooper falls into uncontrolled rotation and may become entangled in the lines. There is also a danger of collision with the object from which the jump occurs.
For such jumps, of course, you need special equipment, since during the time when a normal parachute opens, the parachutist flies about 100-200 meters, which is about one-third of the entire flight in basijjumping. The beacon parachute opens for 15-20 meters of fall, besides, it usually only has one, that is, there is no spare. Also a strong difference from usual parachute sport is the landing area, which is usually very limited from all sides, and the base jumper requires the presence of certain training and skills in piloting the parachute.