The best Universities and Universities in the world for 2014
The Institute of Higher Education of Shanghai Jiao Tong University annually, starting from 2004, compiles the rating of the best universities and universities in the world. The initial goal of this rating was to clarify the gap between Chinese universities and world-class universities, in particular from the point of view of academic and research activities.
The rating is made on the basis of the following indicators: the number of graduates-laureates of the Nobel or Fields Prize;number of employees-laureates of the Nobel or Fields Prize;the number of frequently cited researchers in 21 categories;the number of articles published in the journals Nature or Science;various citation indexes for the natural and human sciences;size of the university.
Of the Russian universities in the top-100 ranking is only MSU .Its best indicators were 66th in 2005 and 2006.In 2014, MSU took only 84th place. The best university in Asia is Tokyo University , which took the 21st place in 2014.The universities of the United States and Great Britain dominate in the ranking of 2014, ranking 19 in the top twenty( also in the top 20 in the 19th place Swiss Higher Technical School of Zurich ).
Next - the 10 best universities in the world for 2014.
10 and 9 places were divided at once by two universities. One of them is Oxford University , which took the 10th place in the rating from 2005 to 2013.Oxford University is the oldest English-speaking university in the world, and also the first university in the UK.The exact date of the foundation of the university is unknown, there is evidence that they taught there in 1096, which makes it the second among the oldest existing universities in the world. The university is located in the city of Oxford, now more than 44,000 people study there( students, undergraduates and post-graduate students).
The motto of the university is Dominus Illuminatio Mea( in Latin, the Lord is my enlightenment).
This year The University of Chicago shared the 9th place with Oxford, but the previous years occupied this place solely. Chicago University was founded in 1890.Here study 30 thousand people.
The motto of the university is Crescat scientia;vita excolatur( Latin knowledge is growing - life is enriched).
8th place. Columbia University or Columbia University .It was founded in New York in 1754.Now more than 56 thousand students, undergraduates and post-graduate students study here.
Motto - In lumine tuo videbimus lumen( in the light you will see the light).
7 place. California Institute of Technology .It was founded in 1891 in the city of Pasadina. This is the smallest university of the top ten ranking: only 4,500 people study here.
The motto - The truth shall make you free( English Truth will make you free).
6th place. Princeton University .Founded in 1746 in Princeton, New Jersey. Here study 16 thousand people.
Motto - Dei sub numine viget( Latin under God's power is booming).
5 place. Cambridge University .The University was founded in Cambridge( England) in 1209 by scientists who left the city of Oxford because an Oxford student killed a resident of the city. By age, among the existing universities in the world, Cambridge is in third place. Now 37 thousand people study there. Cambridge University is the best in the ranking of European universities.
The motto is Hinc lucem et pocula sacra( lat. From this place we acquire enlightenment and precious knowledge).
4 place. University of California at Berkeley .It was founded in 1868.Now here are studying 72.5 thousand students, undergraduates and graduate students.
The motto is Fiat lux( _ Let's be light.)
3rd place Massachusetts Institute of Technology Founded in 1861. Located in Cambridge, which is a suburb of Boston( USA), now more than 22,000 people study at the institute.
The motto is Mens et Manus( Latin head and hands)
2 place Stanford University Founded in 1891 by the California governor and railway entrepreneur Leland Stanford and named after his son, Leland Stanford( Jr.), who died in his teens. RSituated near the town of Palo Alto( 60 km south of San Francisco), in the heart of the Silicon Valley, where 31,7 thousand people are trained
The motto is Die Luft der Freiheit weht( German: The wind of freedom blows).
1 place Harvard University is the oldest of the US universities, was founded in 1636. Named after the English missionary and philanthropist John Harvard. Like the Massachusetts Institute of Technology( number 3 rating), is located in Cambridge, which is a suburb of Boston. Now in Harvard, more than 42,000 people study here.
Among the graduates of Harvard, 49 Nobel Prize winners and 8 US presidents, including incumbent President Barack Obama. In Harvard, he studied( but did not finish his studies) the founder of the Facebook social network Mark Zuckerberg. In his sophomore year, Zuckerberg, along with four other students, created a social network for Harvard students at thefacebook.com domain. Now Facebook has become the most popular social network in the world and the second most visited website in the world( after google.com).
The motto of Harvard University is Veritas( Latin Truth).